A novel model and molecular therapy for Z alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency

A novel model and molecular therapy for Z alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency Animal models that closely resemble human disease can present a challenge. Particularly so in alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (α1ATD), as the mouse alpha-1 antitrypsin (α1AT) cluster encodes five highly related genes compared with the one in humans. The mouse PI2 homologue is closest to the α1AT human gene. We have changed the equivalent mouse site that results in the Z variant in man (Glu342Lys) and made both the “M” and “Z” mouse PI2 α1AT proteins. We have tested the ability of a small-molecular-weight compound CG to alleviate polymerisation of these mouse α1AT proteins as it has been shown to reduce aggregates of Z α1AT in man. We found that (1) CG specifically reduces the formation of polymers of recombinant mouse “Z” protein but not “M” protein; (2) whereas there is significantly more α1AT secreted from Chinese Hamster Ovary cells transfected with the mouse “M” α1AT gene than with the “Z” (20.8 ± 3.9 and 6.7 ± 3.6, respectively; P < 0.005), CG increased the α1AT levels secreted from “Z” cells (21.2 ± 0.01) to that of “M” (20.2 ± 0.02). The data support the concept that the murine “Z” gene is a potential model for the study of α1ATD and that mice expressing this gene would be relevant for testing treatments in vivo. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

A novel model and molecular therapy for Z alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2011 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Life Sciences; Zoology; Anatomy; Cell Biology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial