Arch Virol (2012) 157:787–790 DOI 10.1007/s00705-012-1228-8 ANNOTATED SEQUENCE RECORD A novel mitovirus from the hypogeous ectomycorrhizal fungus Tuber excavatum • • J. Benjamin Stielow Zoltan Bratek • • Hans-Peter Klenk Stephan Winter Wulf Menzel Received: 4 October 2011 / Accepted: 7 December 2011 / Published online: 28 January 2012 Springer-Verlag 2012 Introduction [9, 15, 17] and possess single-stranded (ssRNA) genomes (genera Botrexvirus, Mycoﬂexivirus; families Narnaviri- The evolution of mycorrhizal mutualism had a profound dae, Endornaviridae, Hypoviridae)[9, 11, 12] or double- impact on establishment of terrestrial life . Fossil stranded (dsRNA) genomes (families Barnaviridae, records indicate that the earliest land plants, which had no Birnaviridae, Chrysoviridae, Cystoviridae, Metaviridae, proper roots, were already colonized by hyphal fungi, Partitiviridae, Pseudoviridae, Reoviridae and Totiviridae). which formed vesicles and arbuscules strikingly similar Members of the Birnaviridae and Cystoviridae are reported to to modern vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizas. Today, over infect fungal hosts [9, 15, 21], but they are not listed to infect 90% of plants form mycorrhizal associations . fungi in the current ICTV master species list 2009 (version 9; Although saprotrophic fungi play a central role in the forest http://talk.ictvonline.org/ﬁles/ictv_documents/m/msl/1231.aspx) ecosystem by cycling, translocating and sequestrating [7, 10]. decomposed material, mycorrhizal fungi render inorganic Until
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 1, 2012
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