DNA of bacteriophage PM2 is a convenient test object for studying DNA-damaging genotoxic agents. The extent of DNA damage can be estimated by the ability of damaged DNA for transfection of host cells, marine bacterium Pseudoalteromonas espejiana (Pae), str. BAL-31. The efficiency of transfection of Pae lines maintained for long periods without freezing was found to be very low upon the use of a widely accepted transfection method developed by van der Schans et al. (1971). Such cultures grown in a medium with 10 mM Ca2+ standard for Pae contained cell aggregates and exopolymer material. Pae was found to be capable of growing in a medium without the calcium supplement in the presence of chelator EGTA (low-calcium medium, LCM). After growth in LCM, cells did not aggregate, cultures lacked the activity of nuclease BAL, and transfection efficiency of cells grown in LCM drastically increased. Based on these results, a novel procedure of transfection with an efficiency of 2 × 104−2 × 105 infectious centers per microgram of PM2 DNA was developed.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 17, 2006
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