Initial effort is made to establish a new technique for the measurement of three-dimensional three-component (3D3C) velocity fields close to free water surfaces. A fluid volume is illuminated by light emitting diodes (LEDs) perpendicularly to the surface. Small spherical particles are added to the fluid, functioning as a tracer. A monochromatic camera pointing to the water surface from above records the image sequences. The distance of the spheres to the surface is coded by means of a supplemented dye, which absorbs the light of the LEDs according to Beer–Lambert’s law. By applying LEDs with two different wavelengths, it is possible to use particles variable in size. The velocity vectors are obtained by using an extension of the method of optical flow. The vertical velocity component is computed from the temporal brightness change. The setup is validated with a laminar falling film, which serves as a reference flow. Moreover, the method is applied to buoyant convective turbulence as an example for a non stationary, inherently 3D flow.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 29, 2008
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera