A novel hepatitis C virus vaccine approach using recombinant Bacillus Calmette-Guerin expressing multi-epitope antigen

A novel hepatitis C virus vaccine approach using recombinant Bacillus Calmette-Guerin expressing... Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of liver disease worldwide. HCV infection is associated with high morbidity and has become a major problem in public health. Until now, there has been no effective prophylactic or therapeutic vaccine. BCG, a live vaccine typically used for tuberculosis prevention, has been increasingly utilized as a vector for the expression of recombinant proteins that will induce specific humoral and cellular immune responses. In this study, recombinant BCG (rBCG) was engineered to express a HCV multi-epitope antigen CtEm, and HLA-A2.1 transgenic mice were immunized with rBCG-CtEm. High levels of specific anti-HCV antibodies targeted to mimotopes of HVR1 were detected in the serum. HCV-specific lymphocyte proliferation assay, cytokine determination and cytotoxicity assay indicated that HCV epotope-specific cellular immune responses were elicited in vitro. The rBCG-CtEm immunization conferred protection against infection with the recombinant vaccinia virus (rVV-HCV-CNS) in vivo. These results suggest that rBCG expressing multi-epitope antigen may serve as an effective vaccine against HCV infection. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

A novel hepatitis C virus vaccine approach using recombinant Bacillus Calmette-Guerin expressing multi-epitope antigen

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-008-0082-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of liver disease worldwide. HCV infection is associated with high morbidity and has become a major problem in public health. Until now, there has been no effective prophylactic or therapeutic vaccine. BCG, a live vaccine typically used for tuberculosis prevention, has been increasingly utilized as a vector for the expression of recombinant proteins that will induce specific humoral and cellular immune responses. In this study, recombinant BCG (rBCG) was engineered to express a HCV multi-epitope antigen CtEm, and HLA-A2.1 transgenic mice were immunized with rBCG-CtEm. High levels of specific anti-HCV antibodies targeted to mimotopes of HVR1 were detected in the serum. HCV-specific lymphocyte proliferation assay, cytokine determination and cytotoxicity assay indicated that HCV epotope-specific cellular immune responses were elicited in vitro. The rBCG-CtEm immunization conferred protection against infection with the recombinant vaccinia virus (rVV-HCV-CNS) in vivo. These results suggest that rBCG expressing multi-epitope antigen may serve as an effective vaccine against HCV infection.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2008

References

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