In the present paper, a hybrid multilevel thresholding technique that combines intuitionistic fuzzy sets and tsallis entropy has been proposed for the automatic delineation of the tumor from magnetic resonance images having vague boundaries and poor contrast. This novel technique takes into account both the image histogram and the uncertainty information for the computation of multiple thresholds. The benefit of the methodology is that it provides fast and improved segmentation for the complex tumorous images with imprecise gray levels. To further boost the computational speed, the mutation based particle swarm optimization is used that selects the most optimal threshold combination. The accuracy of the proposed segmentation approach has been validated on simulated, real low-grade glioma tumor volumes taken from MICCAI brain tumor segmentation (BRATS) challenge 2012 dataset and the clinical tumor images, so as to corroborate its generality and novelty. The designed technique achieves an average Dice overlap equal to 0.82010, 0.78610 and 0.94170 for three datasets. Further, a comparative analysis has also been made between the eight existing multilevel thresholding implementations so as to show the superiority of the designed technique. In comparison, the results indicate a mean improvement in Dice by an amount equal to 4.00% (p < 0.005), 9.60% (p < 0.005) and 3.58% (p < 0.005), respectively in contrast to the fuzzy tsallis approach.
Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 13, 2017
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