A Novel and Formaldehyde-Free Preparation Method for Lignin Amine and Its Enhancement for Soy Protein Adhesive

A Novel and Formaldehyde-Free Preparation Method for Lignin Amine and Its Enhancement for Soy... In this work, a novel two-step process to prepare primary lignin amine was developed. The lignin used in this study was obtained from the residue of cellulosic sugar fermentation for bioethanol (referred as “lignin”). The lignin was initially oxidized through Fenton oxidation. The oxidized lignin was further converted to lignin amine by reductive amination. Ammonia was used in the second step leading to give the highly active primary lignin amine. The oxidation and reduction exhibited relatively high yields of 80.0 and 91.2 % respectively. For comparison, lignin was partially depolymerized via mild hydrogenolysis and then the partial depolymerized lignin was also converted to lignin amine using the same method. The obtained lignin amines were characterized in detail using elemental analysis, proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Further, modification of soy protein adhesive by lignin amine was exemplified in wood bonding, and the results indicated that addition of lignin amine greatly increased water resistance of soy protein adhesives. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Polymers and the Environment Springer Journals

A Novel and Formaldehyde-Free Preparation Method for Lignin Amine and Its Enhancement for Soy Protein Adhesive

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Chemistry; Polymer Sciences; Environmental Chemistry; Materials Science, general; Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
ISSN
1566-2543
eISSN
1572-8900
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10924-016-0844-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this work, a novel two-step process to prepare primary lignin amine was developed. The lignin used in this study was obtained from the residue of cellulosic sugar fermentation for bioethanol (referred as “lignin”). The lignin was initially oxidized through Fenton oxidation. The oxidized lignin was further converted to lignin amine by reductive amination. Ammonia was used in the second step leading to give the highly active primary lignin amine. The oxidation and reduction exhibited relatively high yields of 80.0 and 91.2 % respectively. For comparison, lignin was partially depolymerized via mild hydrogenolysis and then the partial depolymerized lignin was also converted to lignin amine using the same method. The obtained lignin amines were characterized in detail using elemental analysis, proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Further, modification of soy protein adhesive by lignin amine was exemplified in wood bonding, and the results indicated that addition of lignin amine greatly increased water resistance of soy protein adhesives.

Journal

Journal of Polymers and the EnvironmentSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 24, 2016

References

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