A Nonlinear Fluid-Structure Interaction Problem in Compliant Arteries Treated with Vascular Stents

A Nonlinear Fluid-Structure Interaction Problem in Compliant Arteries Treated with Vascular Stents We study a nonlinear fluid-structure interaction problem between an incompressible, viscous fluid in 3D and an elastic structure whose Lamé elastic parameters, thickness and density are all functions of space allowing jump discontinuities. This problem is motivated by studying the interaction between blood flow and arterial walls treated with vascular prostheses called stents. A stent is a metallic mesh-like tube used to prop the clogged arteries open. The Navier–Stokes equations for an incompressible, viscous fluid are used to model blood flow, and the cylindrical Koiter shell equations with discontinuous coefficients are used to model the elastic properties of arterial walls treated with stents. The fluid and structure are coupled via two coupling conditions evaluated at the moving fluid-structure interface. No assumption on axial symmetry is used in the model. We prove the existence of a weak solution to the underlying nonlinear 3D moving-boundary problem, and design a loosely-coupled partitioned scheme ( $$\beta $$ β -scheme) for its solution. The numerical scheme was motivated by the main steps in the constructive existence proof. The existence proof shows that the proposed numerical $$\beta $$ β -scheme converges to a weak solution of the nonlinear problem. This is the first convergence result for the proposed partitioned $$\beta $$ β -scheme. Several numerical examples are presented where different stent configurations are considered. The numerical fluid-structure interaction solutions clearly show that the presence of a stent induces wave reflections in arterial walls, and significant flow disturbances, especially near the proximal site of the stent. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Mathematics and Optimization Springer Journals

A Nonlinear Fluid-Structure Interaction Problem in Compliant Arteries Treated with Vascular Stents

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/a-nonlinear-fluid-structure-interaction-problem-in-compliant-arteries-0pNCQxpEt0
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Mathematics; Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control; Optimization; Systems Theory, Control; Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics; Mathematical Methods in Physics; Numerical and Computational Physics
ISSN
0095-4616
eISSN
1432-0606
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00245-016-9343-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We study a nonlinear fluid-structure interaction problem between an incompressible, viscous fluid in 3D and an elastic structure whose Lamé elastic parameters, thickness and density are all functions of space allowing jump discontinuities. This problem is motivated by studying the interaction between blood flow and arterial walls treated with vascular prostheses called stents. A stent is a metallic mesh-like tube used to prop the clogged arteries open. The Navier–Stokes equations for an incompressible, viscous fluid are used to model blood flow, and the cylindrical Koiter shell equations with discontinuous coefficients are used to model the elastic properties of arterial walls treated with stents. The fluid and structure are coupled via two coupling conditions evaluated at the moving fluid-structure interface. No assumption on axial symmetry is used in the model. We prove the existence of a weak solution to the underlying nonlinear 3D moving-boundary problem, and design a loosely-coupled partitioned scheme ( $$\beta $$ β -scheme) for its solution. The numerical scheme was motivated by the main steps in the constructive existence proof. The existence proof shows that the proposed numerical $$\beta $$ β -scheme converges to a weak solution of the nonlinear problem. This is the first convergence result for the proposed partitioned $$\beta $$ β -scheme. Several numerical examples are presented where different stent configurations are considered. The numerical fluid-structure interaction solutions clearly show that the presence of a stent induces wave reflections in arterial walls, and significant flow disturbances, especially near the proximal site of the stent.

Journal

Applied Mathematics and OptimizationSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2016

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off