A new tracking mode for improved Martian gravity field measurement

A new tracking mode for improved Martian gravity field measurement The Martian gravity field has been improved significantly in terms of resolution, with the spatial resolution rising to 100 km and accuracy increasing up to the 110 degree and order, assisted by data collected in Mars exploration missions like MGS, MRO, and Odyssey. However, as the tracking data used for the Martian gravity field solution are from polar orbit at a low height (∼400 km), improvements in the low degree coefficients are possible with high orbiters and various inclinations. In our research, we simulate a future Chinese Mars mission, making use of its orbit, to investigate potential contributions to the Martian gravity field solution. As the Chinese Mars mission will include a lander, we investigate the same beam interferometry tracking mode for a more precise and accurate Martian gravity field solution. Our results show that this tracking mode will substantially improve the gravity field model accuracy in comparison with those models using only polar orbit data. Model accuracy is assessed by power spectrum analysis and precise orbit determination. All the simulation work are accomplished with our independent developed software. Our research will be a reference for the first Chinese Mars exploration mission. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Astrophysics and Space Science Springer Journals

A new tracking mode for improved Martian gravity field measurement

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature
Subject
Physics; Astrophysics and Astroparticles; Astronomy, Observations and Techniques; Cosmology; Space Sciences (including Extraterrestrial Physics, Space Exploration and Astronautics) ; Astrobiology
ISSN
0004-640X
eISSN
1572-946X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10509-017-3214-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Martian gravity field has been improved significantly in terms of resolution, with the spatial resolution rising to 100 km and accuracy increasing up to the 110 degree and order, assisted by data collected in Mars exploration missions like MGS, MRO, and Odyssey. However, as the tracking data used for the Martian gravity field solution are from polar orbit at a low height (∼400 km), improvements in the low degree coefficients are possible with high orbiters and various inclinations. In our research, we simulate a future Chinese Mars mission, making use of its orbit, to investigate potential contributions to the Martian gravity field solution. As the Chinese Mars mission will include a lander, we investigate the same beam interferometry tracking mode for a more precise and accurate Martian gravity field solution. Our results show that this tracking mode will substantially improve the gravity field model accuracy in comparison with those models using only polar orbit data. Model accuracy is assessed by power spectrum analysis and precise orbit determination. All the simulation work are accomplished with our independent developed software. Our research will be a reference for the first Chinese Mars exploration mission.

Journal

Astrophysics and Space ScienceSpringer Journals

Published: Nov 29, 2017

References

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