For problems in the calculus of variations with isoperimetric side constraints, we provide in this paper a set of points whose emptiness, independently of nonsingularity assumptions, is equivalent to the nonnegativity of the second variation along admissible variations. The main objective of introducing a characterization of this condition should be, of course, to obtain a simpler way of verifying it. There are two other sets of points available in the literature, introduced by Loewen and Zheng (1994) and Zeidan (1996), for which this necessary condition implies their emptiness. However, we show that verifying membership of these sets may be more difficult than checking directly if that condition holds. Contrary to this behavior, we prove that the desired objective of characterizing that condition is achieved by means of the set introduced in this paper.
Applied Mathematics and Optimization – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 1, 2004
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