A new method is proposed to obtain a turbulent scalar spectrum and the energy dissipation rate in turbulent flow from ultrasonic frequency scanning data. A scanning sonar with frequency varying from 0.5 MHz to 5 MHz has been used to directly probe the energy dissipation rate ɛ and the three-dimensional scalar spectrum E θ(k). Experiments were conducted in a laboratory open-channel flow in clear water with Reynolds numbers varying from 1.2×105 to 6.9×105. Good agreement is found between measured spectra and those predicted by the Batchelor theory. The energy dissipation rates compare favourably with those obtained from acoustic Doppler velocimeter measurements.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 26, 1998
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