An infectious agent was transmitted mechanically from samples of Viola spp. showing white mosaic and leaf deformation to Nicotiana benthamiana . dsRNA extracted from the N. benthamiana plants migrated as four specific bands that were absent in non-inoculated plants. Sequence analysis of cDNA clones generated from the second-smallest dsRNA showed the greatest similarity to the RNA3 of prune dwarf virus (PDV) (genus Ilarvirus , family Bromoviridae ). However, because of differences in molecular, biological, and serological properties between this virus isolate and PDV, a new ilarvirus species, named “Viola white distortion associated virus” (VWDaV) is proposed. Specific oligonucleotides and a TaqMan ® probe were designed for diagnostic purposes. The possible association between the virus and the original white distortion symptoms is discussed.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2014
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