Lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV) is the causative agent of lymphocystis disease. In this study, nucleotide sequences of the major capsid protein (MCP) gene were analyzed among LCDV isolates from Japanese flounder and rockfish. A phylogenetic tree revealed three clusters for lymphocystiviruses. The first cluster included Japanese flounder isolates; the second cluster consisted of rockfish isolates; and the remaining one consisted of LCDV-1. Nucleotide sequence identities were ≥99.6% among Japanese flounder isolates and 100% among rockfish isolates, while between each cluster they were ≤85.2%. Experimental infections with Japanese flounder and rockfish isolates revealed that Japanese flounder and rockfish were infected by the respective homologous isolate but not by the heterologous isolate. These findings suggest that at least three genotypes exist in the genus Lymphocystivirus.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2006
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