A new gene coding for p-coumarate 3-hydroxylase from Ginkgo biloba

A new gene coding for p-coumarate 3-hydroxylase from Ginkgo biloba p-Coumarate 3-hydroxylase (C3H) is a rate-limiting enzyme involved in monolignol biosynthesis. The full-length cDNA from Ginkgo biloba and genomic DNA sequence encoding C3H (designated as GbC3H) were cloned and characterized for the first time by rapid amplification of cDNA ends technique. The full-length cDNA of GbC3H was of 1860 bp containing a 1527 bp open reading frame encoding a cytochrome P450 protein of 508 amino acids with a calculated mol wt of 57.46 kD and an isoelectric point of 7.09. Two introns were present in the GbC3H gene. Comparative and bioinformatic analyses revealed that GbC3H had close similarity with C3Hs from other species and contained a conserved cytochrome P450 cysteine heme-iron ligand signature. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that GbC3H shared a common evolutionary origin based on sequence and had the closest relationship to C3H from gymnosperm species. Southern blot analysis indicated that GbC3H belonged to a small-gene family. Tissue expression pattern analysis revealed the highest expression of GbC3H in roots followed by leaves, and no expression was detected in stems. Only a few proteins of this class have been found, so the cloning and characterization of GbC3H will be useful in understanding the role of C3Hs in the lignin biosynthesis at the molecular level. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

A new gene coding for p-coumarate 3-hydroxylase from Ginkgo biloba

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SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright © 2008 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences ; Plant Physiology
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