DOI 10.1007/s10600-018-2401-4 Chemistry of Natural Compounds, Vol. 54, No. 3, May, 2018 A NEW DIMERIC IONONE FROM THE UNRIPE FRUITS OF Capsicum annuum var. conoides 1* 2 3 C. Y. Chen, C. L. Kao, W. J. Li, 1 4* H. C. Yeh, and H. T. Li Red pepper, Capsicum annuum (Solanaceae), is used as a spice all over the world. Red pepper is studied actively because its pungent principal component, capsaicin, has a dietary effect, analgesic activity, and antioxidant activity . The pungent principal component of red peppers is a group of acid amides of vanillylamine and C8 to C13 fatty acids, which are known generally as capsaicin . More than 16 other capsaicinoids have been found as minor components . Numerous studies have been done on the red pepper fruit, but there are few studies on stems [2–4]. Previously, we isolated 19 compounds, including ten amides, four steroids, and six benzenoids from the stems of this plant . We also isolated 17 compounds, including three chlorophylls, six steroids, one ionone, and seven benzenoids from the unripe fruits of this plant . To further understand the chemotaxonomy and to continue searching for biologically and chemically novel agents from Solanaceous
Chemistry of Natural Compounds – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 6, 2018
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