A New Approach to Epithelial Isotonic Fluid Transport: An Osmosensor Feedback Model

A New Approach to Epithelial Isotonic Fluid Transport: An Osmosensor Feedback Model A model for control of the transport rate and osmolarity of epithelial fluid (isotonic transport) is presented by using an analogy with the control of temperature and flow rate in a shower. The model brings recent findings and theory concerning the role of aquaporins in epithelia together with measurements of epithelial paracellular flow into a single scheme. It is not based upon osmotic equilibration across the epithelium but rather on the function of aquaporins as osmotic sensors that control the tonicity of the transported fluid by mixing cellular and paracellular flows, which may be regarded individually as hyper- and hypo-tonic fluids, to achieve near-isotonicity. The system is built on a simple feedback loop and the quasi-isotonic behavior is robust to the precise values of most parameters. Although the two flows are separate, the overall fluid transport rate is governed by the rate of salt pumping through the cell. The model explains many things: how cell pumping and paracellular flow can be coupled via control of the tight junctions; how osmolarity is controlled without depending upon the precise magnitude of membrane osmotic permeability; and why many epithelia have different aquaporins at the two membranes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

A New Approach to Epithelial Isotonic Fluid Transport: An Osmosensor Feedback Model

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2006 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial