A Multicentre Study on the Efficacy, Safety and Pharmacokinetics of IqYmune®, a Highly Purified 10% Liquid Intravenous Immunoglobulin, in Patients with Primary Immune Deficiency

A Multicentre Study on the Efficacy, Safety and Pharmacokinetics of IqYmune®, a Highly Purified... This multicentre, open-label, prospective, single-arm study was designed to evaluate the efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and safety of IqYmune®, a highly purified 10% polyvalent immunoglobulin preparation for intravenous administration in patients with primary immunodeficiency. IqYmune® was administered to 62 patients (aged 2–61 years) with X-linked agammaglobulinemia or common variable immune deficiency at a dose from 0.22 to 0.97 g/kg every 3 to 4 weeks for 12 months with an infusion rate up to 8 mL/kg/h. A pharmacokinetic study was performed at steady state between the 8th and the 9th infusion. A single case of serious bacterial infection was observed, leading to an annualized rate of serious bacterial infections/patient (primary endpoint) of 0.017 (98% CI: 0.000, 0.115). Overall, 228 infections were reported, most frequently bronchitis, chronic sinusitis, nasopharyngitis and upper respiratory tract infection. The mean annualized rate of infections was 3.79/patient. A lower risk of infections was associated with an IgG trough level > 8 g/L (p = 0.01). The mean annualized durations of absence from work or school and of hospitalization due to infections were 1.01 and 0.89 days/patient, respectively. The mean serum IgG trough level before the 6th infusion was 7.73 g/L after a mean dose of IqYmune® of 0.57 g/kg. The pharmacokinetic profile of IqYmune® was consistent with that of other intravenous immunoglobulins. Overall, 15.5% of infusions were associated with an adverse event occurring within 72 h post infusion. Headache was the most common adverse event. In conclusion, IqYmune® was shown to be effective and well tolerated in patients with primary immunodeficiency. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Clinical Immunology Springer Journals

A Multicentre Study on the Efficacy, Safety and Pharmacokinetics of IqYmune®, a Highly Purified 10% Liquid Intravenous Immunoglobulin, in Patients with Primary Immune Deficiency

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Author(s)
Subject
Biomedicine; Immunology; Infectious Diseases; Internal Medicine; Medical Microbiology
ISSN
0271-9142
eISSN
1573-2592
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10875-017-0416-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

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