Despite extensive clinical experience of breast implants, there is continued controversy regarding the optimum placement of the prosthesis. More importantly, there is insufficient data to accurately determine whether subglandular (SG) or submuscular (SM) placement of the prosthesis diminishes postoperative complications. A search of published trials ( n = 34) examined complication rates following SG and SM implant placement was conducted. Pubmed (MEDLINE) database was used and the available data was then cross-referenced. Eligible trials ( n = 6) were then reviewed and selected data extracted. Primary outcomes measured were postoperative haematoma, infection, capsular contracture and implant migration. 3603 patients were identified from relevant trials examining postoperative complication rates for both subglandular and submuscular implant planes. The submuscular implant plane was associated with a higher incidence of postoperative haematoma (OR 2.87, 95% CI, 1.44-6.11). The incidence of capsular contracture (OR 4.77) is more common when a subglandular plane is used. No significant difference was noted in the rate of postoperative infection (OR 1.20, 95% CI 0.57-2.58) or implant migration (OR 1.56, 95%CI 0.12-87.4) between the two groups. This meta-analysis confirms that subglandular augmentation results in lower short-term morbidity; however, submuscular placement appears to provide the best long-term outcome in terms of morbidity. In the absence of randomized controlled trials comparing these two techniques, this meta-analysis provides evidence to guide surgeons to achieve the best outcomes for their patients.
European Journal of Plastic Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 1, 2010
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