Nuclear-encoded mitochondrial precursor proteins are proteolytically processed inside the mitochondrion after import. The general mitochondrial processing activity in plant mitochondria has been shown to be integrated into the cytochrome bc1 complex of the respiratory chain. Here we investigate the occurrence of an additional, matrix-located processing activity by incubation of the precursors of the soybean mitochondrial proteins, alternative oxidase, the FAd subunit of the ATP synthetase and the tobacco F1β subunit of the ATP synthase, with the membrane and soluble components of mitochondria isolated from soybean cotyledons and spinach leaves. A matrix-located peptidase specifically processed the precursors to the predicted mature form in a reaction which was sensitive to orthophenanthroline, a characteristic inhibitor of mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP). The specificity of the matrix peptidase was illustrated by the inhibition of processing of the alternative oxidase precursor in both soybean and spinach matrix extracts upon altering a single amino acid residue in the targeting presequence (-2 Arg to Gly). Additionally, there was no evidence for general proteolysis of precursor proteins incubated with the matrix. The purity of the matrix fractions was ascertained by spectrophotometric and immunological analyses. The results demonstrate that there is a specific processing activity in the matrix of soybean and spinach in addition to the previously well characterized membrane-bound MPP integrated into the cytochrome bc1 complex of the respiratory chain.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 6, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera