This study demonstrated that PDE1 (phosphodiesterase 1) existing in the ciliary beat frequency (CBF)-regulating metabolon regulates CBF in procaterol-stimulated lung airway ciliary cells of mouse. Procaterol (an β2-agonist) increased the ciliary bend angle (CBA) and CBF via cAMP accumulation in the ciliary cells of mice: interestingly, the time course of CBF increase was slower than that of CBA increase. However, IBMX (3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, an inhibitor of PDE) increased CBA and CBF in an identical time course. Lowering an intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) caused by switching to an EGTA-containing Ca2+-free solution from normal one elevated the procaterol-induced increasing rate of CBF. These observations suggest that Ca2+-dependent PDE1 controls cAMP-stimulated CBF increase. Either application of 8MmIBMX (8-methoxymethyl-IBMX, a selective PDE1 inhibitor), BAPTA-AM (an intracellular Ca2+ chelator), or calmidazolium (an inhibitior of calmodulin) alone increased CBA and CBF in the lung airway ciliary cells and increased cAMP contents in the isolated lung cells, and like IBMX, each application of the compound made the time courses of CBA and CBF increase stimulated by procaterol identical. The immunoelectron microscopic examinations revealed that PDE1A exists in the space between the nine doublet tubules ring and plasma membrane in the lung airway cilium, where the outer dynein arm (a molecular motor regulating CBF) functions. In conclusion, PDE1A is a key factor slowing the time course of the procaterol-induced increase in CBF via degradation of cAMP in the CBF-regulating metabolon of the mouse lung airway cilia.
Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiologyl of Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: May 5, 2017
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera