This paper examines the role of credit and the macroeconomy in small and medium enterprise (SME) distress during a prolonged economic downturn. Specifically, we estimate the determinants of SME distress in Ireland during the severe financial and economic crisis which began in 2007/2008. We use a measure of distress, insolvencies, which captures both bank and non-bank forms of credit. We conduct a survival analysis of insolvent liquidations and find that, controlling for firm location and economic activity, both variables capturing a build-up of stress in the macroeconomy and those capturing bank credit standards and availability throughout the cycle are determinants of firm survival.
Small Business Economics – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 27, 2014
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