The long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are matter of intense investigation as potential regulators of gene expression. In the case of the transglutaminase 2 gene (TGM2) the databases of genome sequence indicate location of a lncRNA (LOC107987281) within the first intron. This lncRNA is 1000 bp long, arises from 2 exons and starts few nucleotides 3′ of the first splicing site of translated TGM2. We have analysed correlations between expression of LOC107987281 lncRNA and TGM2 mRNA by real-time PCR in K562 cell line untreated or treated with the anticancer drugs TPA (12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate), Docetaxel and Doxorubicin. In the treated cells the lncRNA increase follows the trend of TGM2 transcript. To validate this finding we used HumanExon1_0ST Affymetrix; chip data were background-adjusted, quantile-normalized and summarized using robust multi-array average analysis implemented in the R package. The probesets recognize sequences inside each exon, near intronic splicing sites and others located in the untranslated regions of TGM2 gene. The analysis of total RNA samples in GEO datasets from K562, HL-60, THP-1 and U937 cell lines, untreated or treated with TPA in replicated experiments confirmed our earlier results. These demonstrate correlation between LOC107987281 and TGM2 mRNA in the cell lines (K562, HL60 and THP-1) where increased levels of TGM2 mRNA are produced. Additional array study on 358 samples of several normal and paired tumor tissues leads to the same conclusions, indicating a correlation between full-length TGM2 mRNA and LOC107987281 lncRNA in relation to the development of several tumors.
Amino Acids – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 8, 2018
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