Read Writ https://doi.org/10.1007/s11145-018-9872-3 A latent variable analysis of the contribution of executive function to adult readers’ comprehension of science text: the roles of vocabulary ability and level of comprehension 1 2 D. Jake Follmer Rayne A. Sperling Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract Emerging evidence suggests that executive function plays an important role in adult readers’ understanding of text. This study examined the contribution of executive function to comprehension of expository science text among adult read- ers, as well as the role of vocabulary ability in the relation between executive function and text comprehension. The roles of additional reader characteristics, including age, reading time, prior knowledge, and vocabulary ability, in compre- hension were also examined. Using structural equation modeling, a latent executive function factor signiﬁcantly predicted comprehension after accounting for age, reading time, prior knowledge, and vocabulary ability. Vocabulary ability mediated the relation between executive function and both lower-level and higher-level reading comprehension. Executive function contributed more strongly to lower- level compared with higher-level comprehension of the text. Implications for future research are discussed. Keywords Reading comprehension Expository text Executive function Vocabulary Adult readers Introduction Emerging evidence suggests that executive function plays
Reading and Writing – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 2018
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