The pH effects on the photochemical reaction of amino acids and related dipeptides with 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4NQO) as a photosensitizer have been investigated by laser flash photolysis. The obtained kinetic parameters show that the electron transfer from Tryptophan (Trp), Tyrosine (Tyr) as well as dipeptides containing Trp and/or Tyr residue to triplet 4NQO (T4NQO) are efficient, but inefficient from methionine (Met) and dipeptides containing neither Trp nor Tyr. The result was supported by the calculated values of the free energy change from measured oxidation potentials for the electron transfer. It was demonstrated that Trp and Tyr residues are initial reaction sites with T4NQO, while Tyr/O⋅ radical may be final species for Trp-Tyr dipeptide. In acidic aqueous solutions, the self-quenching rate constants of T4NQO and the rate constants of electron transfer from amino acids to T4NQO decrease with decreasing pH. In alkaline solutions, amino acids are easily oxidized by 4NQO under irradiation of laser pulse, and no transient absorption signal was observed.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 7, 2009
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