A laboratory investigation of the flow in the left ventricle of a human heart with prosthetic, tilting-disk valves

A laboratory investigation of the flow in the left ventricle of a human heart with prosthetic,... The understanding of the phenomena involved in ventricular flow is becoming more and more important because of two main reasons: the continuous improvements in the field of diagnostic techniques and the increasing popularity of prosthetic devices. On one hand, more accurate investigation techniques gives the chance to better diagnose diseases before they become dangerous to the health of the patient. On the other hand, the diffusion of prosthetic devices requires very detailed assessment of the modifications that they introduce in the functioning of the heart. The present work is focussed on the experimental investigation of the flow in the left ventricle of the human heart with the presence of a tilting-disk valve in the mitral position, as this kind of valve is known to change deeply the structure of such a flow. A laboratory model has been built up, which consists of a cavity able to change its volume, representing the ventricle, on which two prosthetic valves are mounted. The facility is designed to be able to reproduce any arbitrarily assigned law of variation of the ventricular volume with time. In the present experiment, a physiologically shaped curve has been used. Velocity was measured using a feature-tracking (FT) algorithm; as a consequence, the particle trajectories are known. The flow has been studied by changing both the beat rate and the stroke volume. The flow was studied both kinematically, examining velocity and vorticity fields, and dynamically, evaluating turbulent and viscous shear stresses, and inertial forces exerted on fluid elements. The analysis of the results allows the identification of the main features of the ventricular flow, generated by a mitral, tilting-disk valve, during the whole cardiac cycle and its dependence on the frequency and the stroke volume. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

A laboratory investigation of the flow in the left ventricle of a human heart with prosthetic, tilting-disk valves

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2005 by Springer-Verlag
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial