A kilohertz frame rate cinemagraphic particle image velocimetry (PIV) system has been developed for acquiring time-resolved image sequences of laboratory-scale gas and liquid-phase turbulent flows. Up to 8000 instantaneous PIV images per second are obtained, with sequence lengths exceeding 4000 images. The two-frame cross-correlation method employed precludes directional ambiguity and has a higher signal-to-noise ratio than single-frame autocorrelation or cross-correlation methods, facilitating acquisition of long uninterrupted sequences of valid PIV images. Low and high velocities can be measured simultaneously with similar accuracy by adaptively cross-correlating images with the appropriate time delay. Seed particle illumination is provided by two frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers producing Q-switched pulses at the camera frame rate. PIV images are acquired using a 16 mm high-speed rotating prism camera. Frame-to-frame registration is accomplished by imaging two pairs of crossed lines onto each frame and aligning the digitized image sequence to these markers using image processing algorithms. No flow disturbance is created by the markers because only their image is projected to the PIV imaging plane, with the physical projection device residing outside the flow field. The frame-to-frame alignment uncertainty contributes 2% to the overall velocity measurement uncertainty, which is otherwise comparable to similar film-based PIV methods.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2002
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