Pigs share numerous physiological and phenotypic similarities with human and thus have been considered as a good model in nonrodent mammals for the study of genetic basis of human obesity. Researches on candidate genes for obesity traits have successfully identified some common genes between humans and pigs. However, few studies have assessed how many similarities exist between the genetic architecture of obesity in pigs and humans by large-scale comparative genomics. Here, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) using the porcine 60 K SNP Beadchip for BMI and other four conformation traits at three different ages in a Chinese Laiwu pig population, which shows a large variability in fat deposition. In total, 35 SNPs were found to be significant at Bonferroni-corrected 5 % chromosome-wise level (P = 2.13 × 10−5) and 88 SNPs had suggestive (P < 10−4) association with the conformation traits. Some SNPs showed age-dependent association. Intriguingly, out of 32 regions associated with BMI in pigs, 18 were homologous with the loci for BMI in humans. Furthermore, five closest genes to GWAS peaks including HIF1AN, SMYD3, COX10, SLMAP, and GBE1 have been already associated with BMI in humans, which makes them very promising candidates for these QTLs. The result of GO analysis provided strong support to the fact that mitochondria and synapse play important roles in obesity susceptibility, which is consistent with previous findings on human obesity, and it also implicated new gene sets related to chromatin modification and Ig-like C2-type 5 domain. Therefore, these results not only provide new insights into the genetic architecture of BMI in pigs but also highlight that humans and pigs share the significant overlap of obesity-related genes.
Mammalian Genome – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 29, 2016
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