We present our results on the adoption of a set-theoretic framework for granular computing to situation awareness. The proposed framework guarantees a high degree of flexibility in the process of creation of granules and granular structures allowing to satisfy the wide variety of requirements for perception and comprehension of situations where some elements must be perceived per similarity, others per spatial proximity, some must be fused to improve their comprehension, and so on. A second value is the support for approximate reasoning in situation awareness. A granular structure in particular represents a snapshot of a situation, and is a building block for the development of tools and techniques to reason on situation in order to reduce situation awareness errors and accelerate the process of decision-making. To this purpose, we show a technique to support operators in the analysis of conformity between a recognized situation and an expected one. A third value is the fact that we can support operators in having rapid and indicative measures of how two situations, e.g. a recognized and a projected, may differ. A preliminary evaluation instantiating our approach with self-organizing maps is reported and discussed. The results are encouraging with respect to the capability of improving perception and comprehension of a situation, reducing comprehension errors and supporting projection of situations.
Granular Computing – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 23, 2016
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