A glycoprotein I- and glycoprotein E-deficient mutant of infectious laryngotracheitis virus exhibits impaired cell-to-cell spread in cultured cells

A glycoprotein I- and glycoprotein E-deficient mutant of infectious laryngotracheitis virus... In alphaherpesviruses, glycoprotein I (gI) and glycoprotein E (gE) form a heterodimer that functions in cell-to-cell spread of the virus. Generally, alphaherpesvirus mutants that lack these glycoproteins are replication competent in cell culture but show a reduced capacity for cell-to-cell spread and hence smaller plaque sizes. Infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV), or Gallid herpesvirus 1, is an alphaherpesvirus that causes respiratory disease in chickens. The roles of gI and gE in ILTV have not been investigated previously. In this study, a glycoprotein I and glycoprotein E deletion mutant of ILTV (gI/gE-ve ILTV) was generated by replacing the region of the ILTV genome coding for the adjacent gI and gE genes with the gene for enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP). This gI/E-ve ILTV was readily propagated in cell culture in the presence of wildtype ILTV (wt ILTV). However, in the absence of wt ILTV the propagation of gI/gE-ve ILTV was severely impaired. Infection of permissive cell cultures with gI/gE-ve ILTV failed to produce plaques but single infected cells could be identified by fluorescence microscopy. This suggests that gI/gE has a more significant role in the cell-to-cell spread of ILTV in vitro than in many other alphaherpesviruses. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

A glycoprotein I- and glycoprotein E-deficient mutant of infectious laryngotracheitis virus exhibits impaired cell-to-cell spread in cultured cells

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/a-glycoprotein-i-and-glycoprotein-e-deficient-mutant-of-infectious-DMQc8dYaIo
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Infectious Diseases; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-005-0721-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In alphaherpesviruses, glycoprotein I (gI) and glycoprotein E (gE) form a heterodimer that functions in cell-to-cell spread of the virus. Generally, alphaherpesvirus mutants that lack these glycoproteins are replication competent in cell culture but show a reduced capacity for cell-to-cell spread and hence smaller plaque sizes. Infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV), or Gallid herpesvirus 1, is an alphaherpesvirus that causes respiratory disease in chickens. The roles of gI and gE in ILTV have not been investigated previously. In this study, a glycoprotein I and glycoprotein E deletion mutant of ILTV (gI/gE-ve ILTV) was generated by replacing the region of the ILTV genome coding for the adjacent gI and gE genes with the gene for enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP). This gI/E-ve ILTV was readily propagated in cell culture in the presence of wildtype ILTV (wt ILTV). However, in the absence of wt ILTV the propagation of gI/gE-ve ILTV was severely impaired. Infection of permissive cell cultures with gI/gE-ve ILTV failed to produce plaques but single infected cells could be identified by fluorescence microscopy. This suggests that gI/gE has a more significant role in the cell-to-cell spread of ILTV in vitro than in many other alphaherpesviruses.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 1, 2006

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off