A fuzzy set approach to Retinex spray sampling

A fuzzy set approach to Retinex spray sampling The color sensation at a point, for the Human Visual System (HVS), derives not only from the color stimulus at that point, but also from the relative spatial arrangement of the stimuli in the image. Based on this observation, the Retinex algorithm, an early and widely studied model of the HVS, determines the output – for each chromatic channel – by rescaling the input intensity of a pixel w.r.t. a reference white level, computed by sampling the brightest points in the neighborhood of the target pixel. In this work, we argue that several elements, inherent to the above observation, can benefit from a fuzzy formalization. We show that the adoption of the fuzzy formalism allows to better encode the mutual influence of pixels. Overall, the fuzzy formalization can provide a general framework for designing and tuning image enhancement algorithms inspired by the HVS. We demonstrate its use by the construction of a fuzzy version of the point-sampling algorithm Random Spray Retinex (RSR). Using RSR as a guide, we build a more efficient algorithm, based on the fact that each spray (a set of sampled points used in RSR to determine the reference white of a specific target) can be assumed to belong to some degree to all the target pixels of the image, provided that a suitable membership function is defined. The features of this alternative formalization of RSR are discussed here, using synthetic and natural test images. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Multimedia Tools and Applications Springer Journals

A fuzzy set approach to Retinex spray sampling

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Computer Science; Multimedia Information Systems; Computer Communication Networks; Data Structures, Cryptology and Information Theory; Special Purpose and Application-Based Systems
ISSN
1380-7501
eISSN
1573-7721
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11042-017-4877-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The color sensation at a point, for the Human Visual System (HVS), derives not only from the color stimulus at that point, but also from the relative spatial arrangement of the stimuli in the image. Based on this observation, the Retinex algorithm, an early and widely studied model of the HVS, determines the output – for each chromatic channel – by rescaling the input intensity of a pixel w.r.t. a reference white level, computed by sampling the brightest points in the neighborhood of the target pixel. In this work, we argue that several elements, inherent to the above observation, can benefit from a fuzzy formalization. We show that the adoption of the fuzzy formalism allows to better encode the mutual influence of pixels. Overall, the fuzzy formalization can provide a general framework for designing and tuning image enhancement algorithms inspired by the HVS. We demonstrate its use by the construction of a fuzzy version of the point-sampling algorithm Random Spray Retinex (RSR). Using RSR as a guide, we build a more efficient algorithm, based on the fact that each spray (a set of sampled points used in RSR to determine the reference white of a specific target) can be assumed to belong to some degree to all the target pixels of the image, provided that a suitable membership function is defined. The features of this alternative formalization of RSR are discussed here, using synthetic and natural test images.

Journal

Multimedia Tools and ApplicationsSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 5, 2017

References

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