This paper applies fuzzy set theory to the Cox, Ross and Rubinstein (CRR) model to set up the fuzzy binomial option pricing model (OPM). The model can provide reasonable ranges of option prices, which many investors can use it for arbitrage or hedge. Because of the CRR model can provide only theoretical reference values for a generalized CRR model in this article we use fuzzy volatility and fuzzy riskless interest rate to replace the corresponding crisp values. In the fuzzy binomial OPM, investors can correct their portfolio strategy according to the right and left value of triangular fuzzy number and they can interpret the optimal difference, according to their individual risk preferences. Finally, in this study an empirical analysis of S&P 500 index options is used to find that the fuzzy binomial OPM is much closer to the reality than the generalized CRR model.
Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2005
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