A flavonoid 7-O-methyltransferase is expressed in barley leaves in response to pathogen attack

A flavonoid 7-O-methyltransferase is expressed in barley leaves in response to pathogen attack We have shown previously that transcripts corresponding to the cDNA clone pBH72-F1, with similarities to O-methyltransferases (OMT), accumulated in barley leaves in response to attack by the pathogenic fungus Blumeria graminis (Plant Mol Biol 26 (1994) 1797). To investigate the accumulation pattern in the defence response and the organ localization of the pBH72-F1-encoded polypeptide (F1-OMT), an antiserum was raised against Escherichia coli expressed F1-OMT. The 43 kDa protein was absent in normal leaves but accumulated strongly in response to pathogen attack. The F1-OMT protein accumulated faster in barley lines inoculated with an avirulent B. graminis isolates compared to a virulent isolate. Additionally, F1-OMT related proteins were detected in developing kernels. F1-OMT was expressed as a functional enzyme in E. coli and the substrate specificity was investigated. The enzyme exhibited OMT activity towards flavonoid aglycones with the highest activity against apigenin (4′,5,7-trihydroxyflavone). In contrast, caffeic acid did not serve as substrate for F1-OMT. The product of F1-OMT was analyzed by HPLC and GC-MS and found to be genkwanin (4′,5-dihydroxy-7-methoxyflavone). Initial velocity data were best represented by a sequential bi-bi mechanism, and kinetic parameters of KSAM=10.9µM,Kapigenin=4.6µM and a specific activity of 0.45 µkat/g were obtained. Barley F1-OMT, apigenin 7-O-methyltransferase, is suggested to be involved in the production of a methylated flavonoid phytoalexin. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

A flavonoid 7-O-methyltransferase is expressed in barley leaves in response to pathogen attack

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/a-flavonoid-7-o-methyltransferase-is-expressed-in-barley-leaves-in-ZLRkjNxn8G
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1998 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1005985609313
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We have shown previously that transcripts corresponding to the cDNA clone pBH72-F1, with similarities to O-methyltransferases (OMT), accumulated in barley leaves in response to attack by the pathogenic fungus Blumeria graminis (Plant Mol Biol 26 (1994) 1797). To investigate the accumulation pattern in the defence response and the organ localization of the pBH72-F1-encoded polypeptide (F1-OMT), an antiserum was raised against Escherichia coli expressed F1-OMT. The 43 kDa protein was absent in normal leaves but accumulated strongly in response to pathogen attack. The F1-OMT protein accumulated faster in barley lines inoculated with an avirulent B. graminis isolates compared to a virulent isolate. Additionally, F1-OMT related proteins were detected in developing kernels. F1-OMT was expressed as a functional enzyme in E. coli and the substrate specificity was investigated. The enzyme exhibited OMT activity towards flavonoid aglycones with the highest activity against apigenin (4′,5,7-trihydroxyflavone). In contrast, caffeic acid did not serve as substrate for F1-OMT. The product of F1-OMT was analyzed by HPLC and GC-MS and found to be genkwanin (4′,5-dihydroxy-7-methoxyflavone). Initial velocity data were best represented by a sequential bi-bi mechanism, and kinetic parameters of KSAM=10.9µM,Kapigenin=4.6µM and a specific activity of 0.45 µkat/g were obtained. Barley F1-OMT, apigenin 7-O-methyltransferase, is suggested to be involved in the production of a methylated flavonoid phytoalexin.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 6, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off