We have recently shown that porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) can undergo a productive replication in porcine monocyte-derived dendritic cells (Mo-DCs). Here, we further demonstrate that PRRSV activates the host’s phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)-dependent Akt pathway (PI3K/Akt) to facilitate its replication in Mo-DCs at 90 min and 4 h after infection. Inhibition of PI3K/Akt by treatment with a PI3K-specific inhibitor (LY294002) prior to PRRSV infection reduced virus replication. Furthermore, inhibition of PI3K/Akt by LY294002 at 90 min and 8 h after virus infection still significantly reduced virus production, suggesting that virus replication may be dependent on the activation of PI3K/Akt. Interestingly, PRRSV inhibited PI3K/Akt at 12 h after infection. Heat-inactivated virus failed to inhibit PI3K/Akt, indicating that virus replication is essential for this inhibition. Overall, PRRSV replication exhibits a dual effect on the PI3K/Akt pathway in which both time-dependent activation and inhibition of PI3K/Akt are observed.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 1, 2010
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