A distinct member of the basic (class I) chitinase gene family in potato is specifically expressed in epidermal cells

A distinct member of the basic (class I) chitinase gene family in potato is specifically... We have isolated cDNA clones encoding class I chitinase (ChtC) from potato leaves which share a high degree of nucleotide and amino acid sequence similarity to other, previously described basic (class I) chitinases (ChtB) from potato. Despite this similarity, characteristic features distinguish ChtC from ChtB, including an extended proline-rich linker region between the hevein and catalytic domains and presence of a potential glycosylation site (NDT) in the deduced protein. These differences are in accordance with the properties of purified chitinase C which is glycosylated and hence has a higher molecular mass in comparison to chitinase B. In contrast to the coding sequences, the 3′-untranslated regions of ChtC and ChtB exhibited a low degree of similarity, which allowed us to generate gene-specific probes to study the genomic organization and expression of both types of gene. Genomic DNA blots suggest that ChtC and ChtB are each encoded by one or two genes per haploid genome. RNA blot analysis showed that in healthy potato plants ChtC mRNA is most abundant in young leaves, the organs which also contain high levels of chitinase C. By contrast, ChtB mRNA abundance is highest in old leaves, which accumulate chitinase B. By in situ RNA hybridization with gene-specific probes we could demonstrate that ChtC mRNA in leaves is restricted to epidermal cells, whereas ChtB mRNA showed no distinct pattern of cell-type-specific localization. Infection of potato leaves with Phytophthora infestans, or treatment with fungal elicitor, ethylene, or wounding resulted in accumulation of both ChtC and ChtB mRNAs; however, for ChtC, in contrast to ChtB, no corresponding accumulation of the encoded protein could be detected, suggesting a post-transcriptional mechanism of regulation. Salicylic acid treatment did not induce accumulation of either mRNA. The possible functional implications of these findings for pathogen defence and developmental processes are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

A distinct member of the basic (class I) chitinase gene family in potato is specifically expressed in epidermal cells

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/a-distinct-member-of-the-basic-class-i-chitinase-gene-family-in-potato-lFStu07xvR
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1006178425803
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We have isolated cDNA clones encoding class I chitinase (ChtC) from potato leaves which share a high degree of nucleotide and amino acid sequence similarity to other, previously described basic (class I) chitinases (ChtB) from potato. Despite this similarity, characteristic features distinguish ChtC from ChtB, including an extended proline-rich linker region between the hevein and catalytic domains and presence of a potential glycosylation site (NDT) in the deduced protein. These differences are in accordance with the properties of purified chitinase C which is glycosylated and hence has a higher molecular mass in comparison to chitinase B. In contrast to the coding sequences, the 3′-untranslated regions of ChtC and ChtB exhibited a low degree of similarity, which allowed us to generate gene-specific probes to study the genomic organization and expression of both types of gene. Genomic DNA blots suggest that ChtC and ChtB are each encoded by one or two genes per haploid genome. RNA blot analysis showed that in healthy potato plants ChtC mRNA is most abundant in young leaves, the organs which also contain high levels of chitinase C. By contrast, ChtB mRNA abundance is highest in old leaves, which accumulate chitinase B. By in situ RNA hybridization with gene-specific probes we could demonstrate that ChtC mRNA in leaves is restricted to epidermal cells, whereas ChtB mRNA showed no distinct pattern of cell-type-specific localization. Infection of potato leaves with Phytophthora infestans, or treatment with fungal elicitor, ethylene, or wounding resulted in accumulation of both ChtC and ChtB mRNAs; however, for ChtC, in contrast to ChtB, no corresponding accumulation of the encoded protein could be detected, suggesting a post-transcriptional mechanism of regulation. Salicylic acid treatment did not induce accumulation of either mRNA. The possible functional implications of these findings for pathogen defence and developmental processes are discussed.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 29, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off