A de novo deafwaddler mutation of Pmca2 arising in ES cells and hitchhiking with a targeted modification of the Pparg gene

A de novo deafwaddler mutation of Pmca2 arising in ES cells and hitchhiking with a targeted... We observed severe ataxia in mice homozygous for modification of the Pparg locus. Genetic analysis and nucleotide sequencing revealed that ataxia is caused by a T692K substitution in plasma membrane calcium ATPase 2 (Pmca2), which is tightly linked to Pparg, but not by modified PPARγ itself. We traced this mutation and found that it arose spontaneously during clonal expansion of the targeted embryonic stem (ES) cells. Consistent with the deafwaddler phenotype in other Pmca2 mutants, homozygous T692K Pmca2 mutants exhibit severe balance disorder, impaired neurologic reflexes, and motor coordination, and have profound hearing loss. Heterozygous mutants have normal movement and motor function but are severely deficient in hearing. Our findings represent a cautionary example since, although rare, spontaneous mutations do arise in ES cells during culture and hitchhike onto the targeted gene mutation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

A de novo deafwaddler mutation of Pmca2 arising in ES cells and hitchhiking with a targeted modification of the Pparg gene

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Anatomy; Zoology; Cell Biology
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-005-0191-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We observed severe ataxia in mice homozygous for modification of the Pparg locus. Genetic analysis and nucleotide sequencing revealed that ataxia is caused by a T692K substitution in plasma membrane calcium ATPase 2 (Pmca2), which is tightly linked to Pparg, but not by modified PPARγ itself. We traced this mutation and found that it arose spontaneously during clonal expansion of the targeted embryonic stem (ES) cells. Consistent with the deafwaddler phenotype in other Pmca2 mutants, homozygous T692K Pmca2 mutants exhibit severe balance disorder, impaired neurologic reflexes, and motor coordination, and have profound hearing loss. Heterozygous mutants have normal movement and motor function but are severely deficient in hearing. Our findings represent a cautionary example since, although rare, spontaneous mutations do arise in ES cells during culture and hitchhike onto the targeted gene mutation.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 14, 2006

References

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