In this paper the peak-locking phenomenon is investigated in the evaluation of digital PIV recordings by using a correlation-based interrogation algorithm with a discrete window shift and a correlation-based tracking algorithm. Statistical analyses indicate that nonuniformly distributed bias errors are the main cause of the peak-locking effect, and the amplitude variation of the random error is also an important source of the peak locking. Simulations and experimental examples demonstrate that very strong peak-locking effects exist for the correlation-based interrogation algorithm with discrete window shift in the cases of large particle images, small interrogation windows, and very small particle images. Very strong peak-locking effects are also observed for the correlation-based tracking algorithm when the particle images are overexposed, binarized, or very small. These strong peak-locking effects can be avoided without loss of evaluation accuracy by using a continuous window-shift technique in combination with the correlation-based interrogation algorithm.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 1, 2002
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