A Computational Study of the Effects of Strain Hardening in Micro-asperity Friction Models

A Computational Study of the Effects of Strain Hardening in Micro-asperity Friction Models In this paper, we study the effects of plastic strain hardening and damage on the friction response of a surface at the microscopic and macroscopic scales. At the microscale, the role played by hardening and damage in the response of a single asperity is determined using three-dimensional finite element analysis. The sample materials for the asperity are Al 2024-T3 and Ti6Al4V, which are modeled as isotropic bilinear plastic and include Johnson–Cook damage. The friction responses for two different damage models (Johnson–Cook and Bao–Wierzbicki) are also compared for the perfectly plastic case. In the simulations the asperity is initially compressed in order to induce a normal preload and then sheared to study the friction response. Then a statistical homogenization approach is used to propagate these effects to the macroscale. Toward this end, the surface is modeled as an isotropic Gaussian random process. The computed microscale responses are parameterized, and the overall macroscopic response of the surface is determined. Results of this study show that, at the microscale, strain hardening increases the coefficient of friction, particularly at low interference values. Similarly, material response plays a significant role at the macroscale over a wide range of normal force values. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Tribology Letters Springer Journals

A Computational Study of the Effects of Strain Hardening in Micro-asperity Friction Models

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Materials Science; Tribology, Corrosion and Coatings; Surfaces and Interfaces, Thin Films; Theoretical and Applied Mechanics; Physical Chemistry; Nanotechnology
ISSN
1023-8883
eISSN
1573-2711
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11249-017-0939-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this paper, we study the effects of plastic strain hardening and damage on the friction response of a surface at the microscopic and macroscopic scales. At the microscale, the role played by hardening and damage in the response of a single asperity is determined using three-dimensional finite element analysis. The sample materials for the asperity are Al 2024-T3 and Ti6Al4V, which are modeled as isotropic bilinear plastic and include Johnson–Cook damage. The friction responses for two different damage models (Johnson–Cook and Bao–Wierzbicki) are also compared for the perfectly plastic case. In the simulations the asperity is initially compressed in order to induce a normal preload and then sheared to study the friction response. Then a statistical homogenization approach is used to propagate these effects to the macroscale. Toward this end, the surface is modeled as an isotropic Gaussian random process. The computed microscale responses are parameterized, and the overall macroscopic response of the surface is determined. Results of this study show that, at the microscale, strain hardening increases the coefficient of friction, particularly at low interference values. Similarly, material response plays a significant role at the macroscale over a wide range of normal force values.

Journal

Tribology LettersSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 23, 2017

References

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