A Comprehensive Review of the Available Media and Approaches for Phosphorus Recovery from Wastewater

A Comprehensive Review of the Available Media and Approaches for Phosphorus Recovery from Wastewater Phosphorus (P) is an essential element for all living organisms, and plays a major role in many physiological processes. However, in recent years, excessive amounts of P discharged into aquatic environments have become one of the main causes of water eutrophication, which has negative effects on water quality. Therefore, it is desirable to implement technologies to recover P from P-containing solutions to maintain the natural P cycle and reduce the level of P entering surface waters. This work reviews the latest studies on P recovery technologies, with a specific focus on current approaches and treatment media including seed materials, microorganisms, wetland plants, and membrane materials. This review also investigates the potential for P recovery, the purity of recovered products, the technical and economic feasibility of different approaches, and the resulting ecological and economic benefits. Building upon the outcomes of previous studies, technological innovations in P recovery media and approaches were considered to evaluate their advantages, difficulties, and inherent limitations. This comprehensive review provides the basis for additional research and the future development of P recovery in response to the increasing severity of eutrophication and the imminent depletion of P reserves. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Water, Air, & Soil Pollution Springer Journals

A Comprehensive Review of the Available Media and Approaches for Phosphorus Recovery from Wastewater

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Environment; Environment, general; Water Quality/Water Pollution; Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution; Soil Science & Conservation; Hydrogeology; Climate Change/Climate Change Impacts
ISSN
0049-6979
eISSN
1573-2932
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11270-018-3706-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Phosphorus (P) is an essential element for all living organisms, and plays a major role in many physiological processes. However, in recent years, excessive amounts of P discharged into aquatic environments have become one of the main causes of water eutrophication, which has negative effects on water quality. Therefore, it is desirable to implement technologies to recover P from P-containing solutions to maintain the natural P cycle and reduce the level of P entering surface waters. This work reviews the latest studies on P recovery technologies, with a specific focus on current approaches and treatment media including seed materials, microorganisms, wetland plants, and membrane materials. This review also investigates the potential for P recovery, the purity of recovered products, the technical and economic feasibility of different approaches, and the resulting ecological and economic benefits. Building upon the outcomes of previous studies, technological innovations in P recovery media and approaches were considered to evaluate their advantages, difficulties, and inherent limitations. This comprehensive review provides the basis for additional research and the future development of P recovery in response to the increasing severity of eutrophication and the imminent depletion of P reserves.

Journal

Water, Air, & Soil PollutionSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 14, 2018

References

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