Rev Ind Organ (2013) 43:163–191
A Comparison of National and International Innovation
Cooperation in Five European Countries
Spyros Arvanitis · Thomas Bolli
Published online: 15 March 2012
© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2012
Abstract This paper analyses the differences between national and international
innovation cooperation in ﬁve European countries: Belgium, Germany, Norway,
Portugal and Switzerland. We ﬁnd that absorptive capacity, incoming spillovers, appro-
priability and risk-sharing are more important in an international context. Further-
more innovation performance is positively inﬂuenced by international cooperation, but
remains unaffected by national cooperation. Despite the heterogeneity of the investi-
gated countries, we ﬁnd similar determinants and impacts of innovation cooperation.
Keywords National innovation cooperation · International innovation cooperation ·
JEL Classiﬁcation O30
This paper analyses the differences between national and international innovation
with respect to their determinants and their impact on innovation per-
formance. The interest in the cooperation behaviour of ﬁrms stems from the growing
importance of innovation networks and the increasing openness of ﬁrm boundaries in
the innovation process.
In the text below ‘cooperation’ denotes always ‘innovation cooperation’.
S. Arvanitis (
KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich, 8092 Zurich, Switzerland
Economics Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YX, UK