Int J Life Cycle Assess (2018) 23:1315–1330 DOI 10.1007/s11367-017-1356-1 SOCIETAL LCA A comparative social life cycle assessment of urban domestic water reuse alternatives 1 1 1 Tamar Opher & Aviad Shapira & Eran Friedler Received: 15 February 2017 /Accepted: 12 June 2017 /Published online: 13 July 2017 Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017 Abstract urban landscape and community engagement (12.6% and Purpose The social benefits and impacts of four alternative 12.0%, respectively). The two distributed alternatives are ad- approaches to urban domestic non-potable water reuse were vantageous over the other two approaches in terms of water compared: (1) central wastewater treatment, no urban reuse. saving and urban landscape. The semi-distributed alternative Reclaimed water is discharged to nature; (2) central wastewa- has a significant benefit of community engagement, which the ter treatment and urban reuse of the wastewater treatment other three lack. The business-as-usual (BAU, no reuse) sce- plant’s tertiary effluent; (3) semi-distributed greywater treat- nario scored highest in the categories: public equality, con- ment and reuse, at cluster scale (8 residential buildings); (4) sumer health concerns, and consumption habits. Final scores distributed greywater treatment and reuse, within each apart- for the compared scenarios indicate that central reuse is some- ment building.
The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 13, 2017
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