C-banding of chromosomes and in situ hybridization with the probes pTa71 and pTa794 were used for a comparative cytogenetic study of the three tetraploid oat species with the A and C genomes: Avena insularis, A. magna, and A. murphyi. These species were similar in the structure and C-banding patterns of several chromosomes as well as in the location of the loci 5S rRNA genes and major NOR sites; however, they differed in the number and localization of minor 45S rDNA loci as well as in the morphology and distribution of heterochromatin in some chromosomes. According to the data obtained, A. insularis is closer to A. magna, whereas A. murphyi is somewhat separated from these two species. Presumably, all the three studied species originated from the same tetraploid ancestor, and their divergence is connected with various species-specific chromosome rearrangements. The evolution of A. murphyi is likely to have occurred independently of the other two species.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 28, 2007
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