A comparative cytogenetic study of the rice (Oryza sativa L.) autotetraploid restorers and hybrids

A comparative cytogenetic study of the rice (Oryza sativa L.) autotetraploid restorers and hybrids We studied pollen fertility, seed set and cytogenetic characteristics of restorer lines and F1 hybrids of autotetraploid rice. T4002, T4063, T461A × T4002 and T461A × T4063 showed significantly higher pollen fertility and seed set than T4132 and T461A × T4132. Meiotic pairing configurations of T4002, T4063, T4132, T461A × T4002, T461A × T4063 and T461A × T4132 were 0.05 I + 19.96 II (9.89 rod + 10.07 ring) + 0.01 III + 2.00 IV, 0.11 I + 19.17 II (8.90 rod + 10.37 ring) + 0.09 III + 2.26 IV + 0.01 VI, 1.34 I + 9.46 II (4.50 rod + 4.96 ring) + 0.80 III + 6.02 IV + 0.09 VI + 0.09 VIII, 0.02 I + 14.36 II (6.44 rod + 7.91 ring) + 0.01 III + 4.80 IV + 0.01 VIII, 0.06 I + 17.67 II (11.01 rod + 6.67 ring) + 0.06 III + 3.10 IV + 0.01 VI and 1.11 I + 11.31 II (5.80 rod + 5.51 ring) + 0.41 III + 5.63 IV + 0.03 VI + 0.03 VIII, respectively. Configuration 16 II + 4 IV and 12 II + 6 IV occurred in the highest frequency among the autotetraploid restorers and hybrids. Meiotic chromosome behaviors were less abnormal in the tetraploids with high seed set than those with low seed set. The hybrids had fewer frequencies of bivalents, univalents, trivalents and multivalents than the restorers, but higher frequency of quatrivalents than the restorers at MI. The frequency of univalents at MI had the most impact on pollen fertility and seed set, i.e., pollen fertility decreased with the increase of univalents. The secondary impact factors were trivalents and multivalents, and bivalents and quatrivalents had no effect on pollen fertility and seed set. The correlative relationship between pollen fertility and cytogenetic behaviors could be utilized to improve seed set in autotetraploidy breeding. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

A comparative cytogenetic study of the rice (Oryza sativa L.) autotetraploid restorers and hybrids

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/a-comparative-cytogenetic-study-of-the-rice-oryza-sativa-l-vzjMKjWXBT
Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795409090087
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We studied pollen fertility, seed set and cytogenetic characteristics of restorer lines and F1 hybrids of autotetraploid rice. T4002, T4063, T461A × T4002 and T461A × T4063 showed significantly higher pollen fertility and seed set than T4132 and T461A × T4132. Meiotic pairing configurations of T4002, T4063, T4132, T461A × T4002, T461A × T4063 and T461A × T4132 were 0.05 I + 19.96 II (9.89 rod + 10.07 ring) + 0.01 III + 2.00 IV, 0.11 I + 19.17 II (8.90 rod + 10.37 ring) + 0.09 III + 2.26 IV + 0.01 VI, 1.34 I + 9.46 II (4.50 rod + 4.96 ring) + 0.80 III + 6.02 IV + 0.09 VI + 0.09 VIII, 0.02 I + 14.36 II (6.44 rod + 7.91 ring) + 0.01 III + 4.80 IV + 0.01 VIII, 0.06 I + 17.67 II (11.01 rod + 6.67 ring) + 0.06 III + 3.10 IV + 0.01 VI and 1.11 I + 11.31 II (5.80 rod + 5.51 ring) + 0.41 III + 5.63 IV + 0.03 VI + 0.03 VIII, respectively. Configuration 16 II + 4 IV and 12 II + 6 IV occurred in the highest frequency among the autotetraploid restorers and hybrids. Meiotic chromosome behaviors were less abnormal in the tetraploids with high seed set than those with low seed set. The hybrids had fewer frequencies of bivalents, univalents, trivalents and multivalents than the restorers, but higher frequency of quatrivalents than the restorers at MI. The frequency of univalents at MI had the most impact on pollen fertility and seed set, i.e., pollen fertility decreased with the increase of univalents. The secondary impact factors were trivalents and multivalents, and bivalents and quatrivalents had no effect on pollen fertility and seed set. The correlative relationship between pollen fertility and cytogenetic behaviors could be utilized to improve seed set in autotetraploidy breeding.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 18, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from Google Scholar, PubMed
Create lists to organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off