A coding variant in SR-BI (I179N) significantly increases atherosclerosis in mice

A coding variant in SR-BI (I179N) significantly increases atherosclerosis in mice Human coding variants in scavenger receptor class B member 1 (SR-BI; gene name SCARB1) have recently been identified as being associated with plasma levels of HDL cholesterol. However, a link between coding variants and atherosclerosis has not yet been established. In this study we set out to examine the impact of a SR-BI coding variant in vivo. A mouse model with a coding variant in SR-BI (I179N), identified through a mutagenesis screen, was crossed with Ldlr −/− mice, and these mice were maintained on a Western-type diet to promote atherosclerosis. Mice showed 56 and 125 % increased atherosclerosis in female and male Ldlr −/− Scarb1 I179N mice, respectively, when compared to gender-matched Ldlr −/− control mice. As expected, HDL cholesteryl ester uptake was impaired in Ldlr −/− Scarb1 I179N mice compared to Ldlr –/– control mice, with a net effect of increased small and very small LDL cholesterol in Ldlr −/− Scarb1 I179N mice being the most probable cause of the observed increased atherosclerosis. Our data show that non-null coding variants in SR-BI can have a large significant impact on atherosclerosis, even if plasma lipid levels are not dramatically affected, and that human mutations in other candidate lipid genes could significantly impact atherosclerosis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

A coding variant in SR-BI (I179N) significantly increases atherosclerosis in mice

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/a-coding-variant-in-sr-bi-i179n-significantly-increases-Ly8JfdN0BL
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Anatomy; Zoology
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-013-9459-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Human coding variants in scavenger receptor class B member 1 (SR-BI; gene name SCARB1) have recently been identified as being associated with plasma levels of HDL cholesterol. However, a link between coding variants and atherosclerosis has not yet been established. In this study we set out to examine the impact of a SR-BI coding variant in vivo. A mouse model with a coding variant in SR-BI (I179N), identified through a mutagenesis screen, was crossed with Ldlr −/− mice, and these mice were maintained on a Western-type diet to promote atherosclerosis. Mice showed 56 and 125 % increased atherosclerosis in female and male Ldlr −/− Scarb1 I179N mice, respectively, when compared to gender-matched Ldlr −/− control mice. As expected, HDL cholesteryl ester uptake was impaired in Ldlr −/− Scarb1 I179N mice compared to Ldlr –/– control mice, with a net effect of increased small and very small LDL cholesterol in Ldlr −/− Scarb1 I179N mice being the most probable cause of the observed increased atherosclerosis. Our data show that non-null coding variants in SR-BI can have a large significant impact on atherosclerosis, even if plasma lipid levels are not dramatically affected, and that human mutations in other candidate lipid genes could significantly impact atherosclerosis.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: May 31, 2013

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off