A cDNA clone was isolated by differential hybridization from a library prepared from barley leaves inoculated with the fungus Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei (Bgh). The open reading frame of the insert (designated HvCHS2) encoded a polypeptide with 72–79% identity to chalcone synthases (CHS) and 65–68% identity to stilbene synthases. Alignments of the amino acid sequence of HvCHS2 with the consensus sequence of naringenin-CHS (EC 126.96.36.199) reveals significant differences between HvCHS2 and naringenin-CHS. HvCHS2 transcripts accumulate strongly in barley leaves in response to inoculation with Bgh, whereas only insignificant accumulation of barley naringenin-CHS (CHS1) transcripts is seen upon the inoculation. The accumulation of HvCHS2 transcripts is also elicited by UV light. To compare the activity of HvCHS2 with the activity of CHS1, the two enzymes were expressed in Escherichia coli. Both HvCHS2 and CHS1 catalyse the formation of chalcones. However, HvCHS2 and CHS1 differ in their substrate requirements. CHS1 uses cinnamoyl-CoA and 4-coumaroyl-CoA at comparable rates whereas feruloyl-CoA is a poor substrate for this enzyme. In contrast, HvCHS2 converts feruloyl-CoA and caffeoyl-CoA at the highest rate whereas cinnamoyl-CoA is a poor substrate. Thus, HvCHS2 is a novel pathogen and UV light induces homoeriodictyol/eriodictyol CHS involved in the direct production of flavonoids possessing multi-substituted B-rings.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 6, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera