Background Pheochromocytoma (Ph) is a rare catecholamine-secreting neuroendocrine tumour that arises from the chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla. Ph usually presents with symptoms including paroxysmal headache, sweating, palpitations, and hypertension. Clinical case During a computed tomography (CT) scan in a normotensive 49-year-old man, an incidentaloma of 4.5 cm was detected. Hypercortisolism was excluded after the dexamethasone suppression test, levels of DHEAS all falling within the normal range. After a 24-h urine collection, normal urinary metanephrines and a 4-fold higher level compared to the normal range of urinary normetanephrines were observed. Cortisoluria levels were within the normal range. Multiple endocrine neopla- sia type 2 (MEN 2) was also excluded. Before the adrenalectomy, I meta-iodobenzylguanidine scintigraphy (MIBG) and 18F- fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose-positron emission tomography (FDG PET)/CT were performed and were both negative. Histological examination confirmed the laboratory diagnosis of Ph. Genetic screening to evaluate the SDHB, SDHD, RET, CDKN1B, and VHL genes was requested in order to test for Von Hippel Lindau disease, but unexpectedly all of these were negative. On follow- up after surgery, the patient presented normal urinary catecholamines. However, after Ph removal, he reported frequent episodes of erectile dysfunction (ED) despite non-use of any antihypertensive medications and in the
Hormones – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 2, 2018
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