Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment [saj] pp687-sebu-456096 November 23, 2002 11:43 Style ﬁle version June 4th, 2002
Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, Vol. 15, No. 2, April 2003 (
A Brief History of Behavioral and Cognitive
Behavioral Approaches to Sexual Offender
Treatment: Part 2. The Modern Era
W. L. Marshall
and D. R. Laws
emerging issues in cognitive behavioral approaches to treating sexual offenders.
In this paper the developments from 1970 until the present are covered.
KEY WORDS: sexual preferences; cognitions; comprehensive treatments; relapse prevention;
juveniles; risk prediction.
In our ﬁrst paper on the historical development of behavioral and cogni-
tive behavioral approaches to the treatment of sexual offenders, we considered
broad background inﬂuences included in the more general ﬁeld of research on
human sexual behavior, the inﬂuences from the emergence of behaviorism and the
subsequent development of behavior therapy, as well as the more speciﬁc early
behavioral strategies for treating deviant sexual behaviors. The present paper will
pick up where that ended, at the beginning of the 1970s. After struggling with var-
ious ways to integrate what we see as the major inﬂuences and emerging trends,
we decided to cover developments as they occurred within each decade. This strat-
egy required some maneuvering at times as inﬂuential events did not always ﬁt
nicely into decades but on the whole it worked sufﬁciently well to identify what
we believe to be the most important trends. We apologize to those many people
who have contributed to the development of our ﬁeld but whose work was omitted
for reasons of limited space or as a result of the issues on which we chose to focus.
Historians, like scientists, should not be expected to be entirely objective.
Rockwood Psychological Services, Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
South Island Consulting, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada.
To whom correspondence should be addressed at Rockwood Psychological Services, Suite 403, 303
Bagot Street, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7K 5W7; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
2003 Plenum Publishing Corporation