Russian Journal of Marine Biology, Vol. 28, No. 2, 2002, p. 147. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2002 by Biologiya Morya, Dobrovolskaya. BOOK REVIEW A Book Review of E.P. Ivanova, L.A. Romanenko, and V.V. Mikhailov “Marine Proteobacteria of the Family Alteromonadaceae” (Vladivostok: Dalnauka, 2001, 125 p.) Assessment of the bacterial diversity in natural eco- book is comprised of four chapters, a preface, and an systems is becoming increasingly more important afterword. The ﬁrst chapter deals with the history of the because new data have accumulated concerning the age systematics of alteromonads. The second is devoted to of the Earth and issues relating to the origin and evolu- a detailed description of the genera and species of pro- tion of the biosphere, as well as to the conservation and teobacteria, which the authors propose to unite in a new sustainability of ecosystems and the Earth’s biosphere family Alteromonadaceae. In addition, the ecological as a whole. Bacteria are the most ancient inhabitants of traits of these typical marine bacteria, which require the Earth. Cyanobacterial assemblages, which thrived sodium ions for growth and cannot be isolated from the in the inland bodies of water as early as the Precam- terrestrial biotopes, are analyzed. The third chapter is a brian, had formed the initial biosphere with a stable chemotaxonomic characterization of alteromonads, cycle of matter. Proteobacteria dominated throughout including the peculiarities of their phospholipid com- the cyanobacterial mats (Zavarzin, 1984, 1997). It is position, carbohydrate-containing components, antibi- these gram-negative bacteria that have remained pre- otics susceptibility, and resistance to metal salts. In the dominant among the prokaryotic inhabitants of the fourth chapter, the authors assess the biotechnological aquatic ecosystems. This is favored by many adaptive potential of pseudoalteromonads. New evidence that morphological features, which enable these bacteria to pseudoalteromonads are capable of producing a wide move and function in the aquatic environment (ﬂagella, range of enzymes that break down complex polymers gas vacuoles, etc.), and the presence of an additional such as chitin, agar, carrageenan provides the basis for lipid membrane on the cell wall surface, which protects the solution of issues relating not only to the ecological the bacteria from increased concentration of sodium in functions of these bacteria, but also to their use in vari- the marine environment. ous areas of biotechnology. Since marine bacteria syn- thesize unique bioactive compounds, which ﬁnd This book examines in detail the systematics, bio- increasingly wide application in medicine, food indus- logical and ecological peculiarities, and the biotechno- try, and cosmetology, the search and screening of pro- logical potential of marine proteobacteria, which the ducers of these substances becomes a topical objective author proposed to unite in a new family Alteromona- in marine microbiology. This book provides an exam- daceae belonging to the gamma subclass of proteobac- ple of fundamental research in the area of taxonomy teria. Since the ocean is one of the largest reservoirs of and ecology of microorganisms that not only expand biota and the knowledge of bacterial diversity in marine our knowledge of the bacterial diversity of natural eco- ecosystems is poor, any taxonomic researches relating systems, but also lay the foundations for using bacteria to assessment of the biodiversity and ecological func- as producers of a variety of biologically active com- tions of marine bacteria are particularly topical. pounds. A detailed description of all genera and species of bacteria included in the family Alteromonadaceae given in this monograph makes it a useful guide to pro- teobacteria. Of particular value is a comprehensive and T. G. Dobrovolskaya, fundamental characterization of both the phenotypic leading researcher, and genotypic features of marine proteobacteria. The Moscow State University 1063-0740/02/2802-0147$27.00 © 2002 AI ÒNauka / Interperiodica”
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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