Although many studies have examined the correlation between temperature and mortality from cardiovascular diseases (CVD), other meteorological factors, such as relative humidity, may modify the relationship. Yet the studies on this aspect are relatively few. We chose a heat index (HI, which is an index that combines air temperature and relative humidity) as an alternative indicator of temperature, and used a distributed lag nonlinear model (DLNM) to analyze the combined effects of temperature and relative humidity on CVD mortality among all of the Beijing residents and subsociodemographic groups by age, sex, and occupation. The heat index can better reflect the human-perceived temperature when relative humidity is combined with air temperature. The results show that females, elderly people, and outdoor workers have higher vulnerability levels in regard to a high heat index. The strongest effect of heat index was found among females, for which the highest mortality risk was about 2.4 (95% CI 1.8–3) times greater than the lowest mortality risk. In addition, we found that there is a significant interaction effect of temperature and relative humidity on CVD mortality. The impact of extreme high temperature may be exacerbated by increases in humidity. Based on these results, we draw the risk level map of CVD death under different temperatures and grades of relative humidity. These findings may aid governments in the development of more accurate heat alerts and the provision of measures to prevent or reduce temperature-related deaths.
Environmental Science and Pollution Research – Springer Journals
Published: May 31, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera