A 1-bp deletion in the γC-crystallin leads to dominant cataracts in mice

A 1-bp deletion in the γC-crystallin leads to dominant cataracts in mice To date around 140 genetic alleles have been identified as being responsible for mouse cataract pathology, including Crya, Cryb, Cryg, Maf, Pax6, Pitx3, Sox, Connexins, MIP, and Lim-2. We obtained a dominant cataract mouse model from a spontaneous mutation in the F1 hybrids of outbred strain ICR mice crossed to the inbred strain BALB/cJ mice. Heterozygous and homozygous mutants expressed a nuclear cataract in both eyes. In 8-day-old mice, histological analysis showed that polygon epithelial cells were in the equatorial region and cortex underneath, and vacuole and sponge-like degeneration were in the cortical area underneath the posterior lens capsule. The nucleus of the lens was a deeply stained pink, with the shorter fibers losing their normal arrangement. For the entire eye, there was a blank zone in the equatorial region in 8-day-old mice; however, there was a certain degree of atrophy in cornea tension and retina in the lens in 3-month-old mice. The lens had been serious damaged in the homozygous mutants. For mutation mapping, heterozygous carriers were mated to wild-type C3H/HeJ mice, and offspring (F1 generation) with cataracts were backcrossed to the wild-type C3H/HeJ mice again. N2 mice with cataracts were used for genotyping. Using genome-wide linkage analysis, the mutation was mapped to chromosome 1 and the Cryg gene cluster between two markers was confirmed as the candidate gene. After direct sequencing the cDNA of the Cryg gene cluster, a 1-bp deletion was found in exon 3 of the Crygc gene, leading to a stop codon at the 76th amino acid of exon 3 which results in production of a truncated protein in mutant mice (Leu160Stop). Bioinformatic analysis of the mutant γC-crystallin reveals that the COOH-terminal of the mutant protein deletes a β-sheet, which affects the function of the lens proteins and leads to the development of cataracts. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

A 1-bp deletion in the γC-crystallin leads to dominant cataracts in mice

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Zoology ; Anatomy ; Cell Biology
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-010-9275-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

To date around 140 genetic alleles have been identified as being responsible for mouse cataract pathology, including Crya, Cryb, Cryg, Maf, Pax6, Pitx3, Sox, Connexins, MIP, and Lim-2. We obtained a dominant cataract mouse model from a spontaneous mutation in the F1 hybrids of outbred strain ICR mice crossed to the inbred strain BALB/cJ mice. Heterozygous and homozygous mutants expressed a nuclear cataract in both eyes. In 8-day-old mice, histological analysis showed that polygon epithelial cells were in the equatorial region and cortex underneath, and vacuole and sponge-like degeneration were in the cortical area underneath the posterior lens capsule. The nucleus of the lens was a deeply stained pink, with the shorter fibers losing their normal arrangement. For the entire eye, there was a blank zone in the equatorial region in 8-day-old mice; however, there was a certain degree of atrophy in cornea tension and retina in the lens in 3-month-old mice. The lens had been serious damaged in the homozygous mutants. For mutation mapping, heterozygous carriers were mated to wild-type C3H/HeJ mice, and offspring (F1 generation) with cataracts were backcrossed to the wild-type C3H/HeJ mice again. N2 mice with cataracts were used for genotyping. Using genome-wide linkage analysis, the mutation was mapped to chromosome 1 and the Cryg gene cluster between two markers was confirmed as the candidate gene. After direct sequencing the cDNA of the Cryg gene cluster, a 1-bp deletion was found in exon 3 of the Crygc gene, leading to a stop codon at the 76th amino acid of exon 3 which results in production of a truncated protein in mutant mice (Leu160Stop). Bioinformatic analysis of the mutant γC-crystallin reveals that the COOH-terminal of the mutant protein deletes a β-sheet, which affects the function of the lens proteins and leads to the development of cataracts.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 5, 2010

References

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