An Arabidopsis thaliana recessive monogenic mutant (ste1-1) presenting a deficiency of the Δ7-sterol-C5(6)-desaturase step in the sterol pathway has been reported previously . To further characterize ste1-1, Arabidopsis, Nicotiana tabacum and Homo sapiens cDNAs encoding Δ7-sterol-C5(6)-desaturases were isolated and identified on the basis of their ability to restore ergosterol synthesis in erg3, a yeast null mutant whose gene encoding the Δ7-sterol-C5(6)-desaturase was disrupted. Overexpression of the Arabidopsis cDNA driven by a 35S promoter in transgenic ste1-1 plants led to full complementation of the mutant. This result demonstrates that STE1 was the impaired component in the desaturation system. Four independent reverse transcriptions of ste1-1 RNA followed by polymerase chain reactions (RT-PCRs), yielded a single product. Alignment of the wild-type ORF with the RT-PCR derived ste1-1 ORF revealed a single amino acid substitution: Thr-114 in the wild-type is changed to Ile in ste1-1. Expression in erg3 resulted in a 6-fold lowered efficiency of the ste1-1 ORF in complementing the yeast biosynthetic pathway when compared to the wild-type ORF. The presence of this mutation in the mutant ste1-1 genomic sequence (and no additional modification between ste1-1 and wild-type genes) demonstrates that the change of the Thr-114 to Ile is necessary and sufficient to create the leaky allele ste1-1. The occurrence of a hydroxylated amino acid (Thr or Ser) at the position corresponding to Thr-114 in the five Δ7-sterol-C5(6)-desaturases identified so far suggests that this amino acid is important for normal enzymatic function.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 19, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera